More than 50 years after the first U.S. bombings during the war in Vietnam, Laos remains the country most heavily contaminated by cluster munitions on the planet. This has had dramatic consequences: since 1964, more than 50,000 victims have been killed or injured by these devices.
 Known number of victims as of late 2013. Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor, updated in June 2015.
Deminer trained by Humanity & Inclusion | © Alexandre Gelebart / 20 Minutes / HI
HI is working to reduce the threat of cluster munitions and explosive remnants of war in Laos. Its teams of mine clearance experts work alongside villagers affected by the presence of these weapons. They clear the land, destroy the devices and raise local people’s awareness of the dangers they represent.
At the same time, the organisation is running development projects aimed at reducing the risk of disability and improving the social inclusion of people with disabilities. The focus is on preventing disability in children under 5 years old. HI promotes the detection of disability, runs disability awareness activities and organises infant stimulation sessions. HI also aims to reduce the incidence of HIV/AIDS and diseases such as malaria among women, children and teenagers, including by conducting research, implementing a response model in villages, and training health-sector workers who visit villages.
HI also aims to improve access to education for disadvantaged children in the provinces of Champasak and Huaphan, and to improve the reading skills of all children in the provinces of Champasak, Xiengkhouang and Vientiane, with a particular focus on children who do not speak the Lao language and children with disabilities.
HI also focuses on access to employment or entrepreneurship for people with disabilities by providing personalised support and training on how to set up a project or start their own business. Furthermore, the organisation is involved in training disabled people’s organisations to campaign for their rights.
Finally, HI works to improve the care provided to people requiring rehabilitation. The organisation collaborates with public bodies in developing the country’s rehabilitation sector and provides training for professionals working in this field.
Since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, HI has continued to help the world’s most vulnerable people. We have adapted our interventions in more than 45 countries.
50 years of living with the daily threat of cluster munitions is still hindering the development of Laos, which is considered to be one of the poorest countries on the planet.
The People’s Democratic Republic of Laos has the highest level of contamination from explosive remnants of war of any country on the planet. Out of the 17 provinces in Laos, 15 are contaminated by some 80 million unexploded devices, for the most part cluster munitions dropped 50 years ago by the United States during the Vietnam War. They still strike terror into the hearts of the country’s citizens, killing and maiming indiscriminately. Since 1964, more than 50,000 people have been killed or injured by an accident caused by explosive remnants of war, almost half of them in peace time. Despite a fall in the number of victims over the past five years, there are still 40 to 50 new casualties every year. What makes the situation all the more unacceptable is the fact that children are the main victims of these weapons.
Laos is one of the world’s poorest countries. It faces significant challenges, in particular the need to reduce the country’s high level of malnutrition. Access to health facilities in rural areas remains very limited and health workers lack both skills and training.
Number of HI staff members: 110
Date the programme opened: 1983