HI works in Mozambique to improve access to and the quality of education for children with disabilities. The organisation also promotes the inclusion of marginalised and disabled persons in society by building the capacities of two Information, Guidance and Social Support Centres which notably facilitate access for people with disabilities to social welfare mechanisms.
Sarneta, a female deminer, HI Mozambique. | © J-J. Bernard / HI
HI is improving people with disabilities' access to social and health services in extremely poor peri-urban areas. In order to achieve this, the organisation supports local services, in particular those dedicated to children, and trains them to ensure the needs of people with disabilities and their families are better taken into account. It also oversees an information, guidance and social support system managed by Disabled Persons Organisations which facilitates access to these services.
The organisation also works to improve education for children with disabilities. It assesses teachers’ training needs and delivers complementary modules on inclusive education during their teacher training. In addition, HI helps social support centres to better inform people with disabilities about their rights.
Since the 1992 peace agreements, which brought an end to 25 years of civil war, Mozambique has pursued extensive political, economic and administrative reforms, and the country has turned around rapidly.
Its economic growth has been strongly supported by the international community and private-sector investment, in a favourable political context. At the end of 2004, the country's political landscape was reconfigured with the departure of President Chissano, who had been in power since 1986. This cannot really be considered an upheaval due to the victory of the Mozambique Liberation Front (FRELIMO) which had held power in the country since its independence in 1975.
The government is doing everything in its power to reduce its dependency on international aid. However, the biggest obstacle to achieving stable growth remains the rampant spread of HIV/AIDS, the worrying public health situation, and the very low level of education.
Until recently, Mozambique was one of the most heavily mined countries in the world. Yet mines and explosive remnants of war post a direct threat to populations. They also hinder agriculture and the construction of infrastructure (roads, electricity lines, railway lines etc.), and limit the free movement of goods and people. The development of tourism and foreign investment are also impacted. By signing up to the Ottawa Treaty in 1998, the government committed to demining the country before 2014. This challenge was met in 2015, in particular thanks to HI's work to support mine victims and the organisation's demining operations.